keskiviikko 27. tammikuuta 2016

Brewster SB2A Buccaneer

The Brewster SB2A Buccaneer was a single-engined mid-wing monoplane scout/bomber aircraft built for the United States Navy during the early 1940s. It was also supplied to the United States Army Air Corps.

The SB2A (Brewster Model 340) was a development of Brewster's earlier SBA scout-bomber, sharing the single-engined, mid-winged monoplane layout of the earlier aircraft, but was larger and had a more powerful engine. It carried up to 1,000 lb (454 kg) of bombs in an internal bomb bay and for defensive purposes was fitted with a power-operated turret armed with two .30 in machine guns supplementing a further four forward-firing guns.
The US Navy ordered a prototype XSB2A on 4 April 1939, which first flew on 17 June 1941. Large-scale orders had already been placed by this time, however, with the United Kingdom ordering 750 aircraft as the Brewster Bermuda and the Netherlands ordering a further 162 to equip the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army Air Force. The first US Navy production order, for 140 aircraft, was placed on 24 December 1940.
The RAAF had plans to order approximately 240 Bermudas in mid-1941 to re-equip 11 squadrons, but problems with the plane led the RAAF to cancel the order in November 1941, opting instead for the Vultee Vengeance.

The Royal Air Force purchased a version based on the SB2A-1s which they designated the Bermuda. They were used for training and target towing. Five of the Cyclone-powered aircraft under the model number '340' were supplied to the Fleet Air Arm of the Royal Navy for assessment - four as dive bombers and one as a target towing tug.
XSB2A-1 Buccaneer (Model 340-7) Prototype, one built.

(Model 340-20)Initial production, revised armament - non-folding wings. 80 built.
(Model 340-26) Fitted with folding wings and arrestor hook for carrier operations. 60 built.
(Model 340-17) Requisitioned aircraft built for Netherlands. 162 built.
A-34 Bermuda
Designation for Lend Lease production for United Kingdom (see below)
Bermuda Mk.1
Model 340-14 production for United Kingdom. Powered gun mounting replaced by flexible gun mounting. Only 468 of 750 ordered were delivered.
United States Army Air Force designation for Bermuda 1 aircraft not delivered to the United Kingdom and used as ground training airframes.
Royal Air Force Bermuda 
Royal Canadian Air Force. 
Royal Air Force
Fleet Air Arm
United States Army Air Corps
United States Navy
United States Marine Corps

The SB2A of the National Museum of Naval Aviation.
RAF s/n FF860 - National Museum of Naval Aviation at Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida. It is displayed as a US Navy SB2A Buccaneer.
s/n unknown - in storage at the Pima Air and Space Museum in Tucson, Arizona.
Specifications (SB2A-2)
Brewster SB2A Bucaneer
Crew: pilot and gunner
Length: 11.94 m
Wingspan: 14.33 m
Height: 4.70 m
Wing area: 35.2 m²
Empty weight: 4,501 kg
Loaded weight: 5,552 kg
Max. takeoff weight: 6,495 kg
Powerplant: 1 × Wright R-2600-8 radial engine, 1,700 hp (1,268 kW)
Maximum speed: 274 mph (441 km/h)
Range: 1,675 mi (1,455 nmi, 2,696 km)
Service ceiling: 24,900 ft (7,590 m)
Guns:2 × .50 in (12.7 mm) M2 Browning machine guns in fuselage
 2 × .30 in (7.62 mm) M1919 Browning machine guns in wings
2 × .30 in (7.62 mm) machine guns in flexible rear mount
Bombs: 1,000 lb (450 kg)

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